Saturday, April 28, 2007

Views from Rievaulx Terrace

View of the ruins of Rievaulx Abbey
11" x 11", pencil and coloured pencil in Daler Rowney A4 sketchbook
copyright Katherine Tyrrell
"Everywhere peace, everywhere serenity, and a marvellous freedom from the tumult of the world."
St Aelred (1111-1167), the third abbot of Rievaulx Abbey
Rievaulx in Yorkshire has two major heritage sites - Rievaulx Terrace (looked after by the National Trust) and the ruins of Rievaulx Abbey (maintained by English Heritage) - the first Cistercian Abbey in the north of England, founded in 1132.

Rievaulx Terrace is really rather odd. It's an eighteenth century landscape garden in a serpentine curve. It comprises a very large flat area of well maintained fresh green grass - at the top of a very steep slope - with temples at either end. The Ionic Temple is designed for banquets and contains a dining table. What I'm not too sure about is why any of it is there as there is no large house just behind it. It's just there - facilities for banqueting in an Ionic Temple at one end of a big grass terrace - which looks down on the ruins of Rievaulx Abbey.

Anyway, it was a sunny afternoon and I sat at the very top of the slope (maybe more accurately described as a precipice!), just in front of the Ionic Temple and sketched the abbey ruins a very long, long way below. It was one of those sketches where you're continually trying to work out what is the colour of trees which are just about to come into leaf but not right now.

Rievaulx Terrace
11" x 16", pencil and coloured pencils in Daler Rowney A4 sketchbook

copyright Katherine Tyrrell

I then sat on the terrace of the Ionic Temple and sketched the view across Rievaulx Terrace. It reminded me very much of why the 'grass green' colour has that wonderful fresh colour associated with new grass in Spring and trees bursting into leaf.

The terrace is so big that the people look tiny but I decided to include them to get a bit of scale. I then did a very quick sketch of a lady and her dog when she sat where I'd been sitting earlier to do the sketch of the abbey ruins. Her protective arm reminds me of just how steep that slope really was - I totally understand why she wasn't taking any chances of her dog getting interested in exploring down the slope!

(My apologies for the short delay before this post finally appeared. For some reason, the last sketch gave PS Elements the heebie jeebies on three separate occasions! The stitched version has now been finally wrung out of the ghost in my computer - with some difficulty!)

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Wednesday, April 25, 2007

"The finest view in Yorkshire" from Sutton Bank

The view from Sutton Bank
11.5" x 17", pencil and coloured pencil, double page spread in Daler Rowney A4 sketchbook
copyright Katherine Tyrrell
"The finest view in Yorkshire" ('James Heriott')
This is the view from Sutton Bank which is a very steep escarpment separating the North York Moors from the Vale of York and the Vale of Mowbray which you can see in this sketch. The Pennines can be seen some 40 miles away in the very far distance. I had a lovely sunny day to do the sketch but the seat on which I sat to draw Hood Hill (or "one tree hill") and the vales was so exposed and 'breezy' that I was really glad I'd taken a layered approach to dressing for plein air sketching - all five of them! This sketch was a bit of challenge in terms of how many greens in the landscape and aerial perspective blues I could get with the coloured pencils I had with me.

A 'killer hill' with a narrow road leads up to this view. There are lots of signs threatening awful things to caravans (which are strictly prohibited from attempting the climb) and warning HGVs about many broke down last year when they didn't follow the advice to select their crawler gear! I did it for the first time after my warning light came on to say the antilock braking system has been disconnected - for no obvious reason - so it was a bit intimidating to say the least!

If you go the other side of the road and walk along there's a wonderful view of Gormire Lake - which, I understand fills a bowl left by glacial action and is one of the only two lakes in Yorkshire. Personally I thought its name made it sound like it was auditioning to be in a new novel by an author with a prediliction for 'interesting' names. It certainly had a somewhat eerie quality to it given the way in which the dense woodland surrounded it and I didn't feel an overwhelming need to visit.

James Herriot
Near the foot of the escarpment is the town of Thirsk where the real James Herriot (Alf Wight) had his vetinerary practice at 23 Kirkgate with his partner 'Siegfried Farnon'. Thirsk (along with a few other towns) provided the basis for 'Darrowby' in the books. Walking his dog on the top of Sutton Bank was apparently a favourite occupation whenever time permitted.

The quotation comes from a book called "James Herriot's Yorkshire" which was given to my father complete with autographs from the three real people behind the 'characters' in the very popular vet series after he rescued my friend 'A' (daughter of 'Tristan' and midwife to the birth of my first cat) and me from another car calamity on our way up north on an extremely hot day some 25 years ago.

For those interested in Yorkshire, the book has some great photos by Derry Brabbs (who also did the photos for some of Wainwright's Books of the Lakes). Fans of the James Herriot series can now also visit the house at 23 Kirkgate which was home to the real vetinerary practice and was 'reproduced' in the BBC series as it's now home to a museum about the world of James Herriot and vetinerary science.

Sutton Bank and the North York Moors National Park
Sutton Bank is part of the Hambleton Hills at the very western edge of the North York Moors and National Park. It's also known as Roulston Scar. It's bisected by the road between Thirsk and Scarborough which follows the southern edge of the Moors . It's also home to the Yorkshire Gliding Club and the White Horse of Kilburn which lacks some of the artistic merit of the White Horse of Uffington but none of the impact.

The North Yorks National Park - and their very helpful staff - have a home in the trees just as you get to the top of the hill with car parking for the Park's very many visitors. There are five walks into the area around Sutton Bank which start from the car park. The Moors Bus Service (April-October) also picks up people from and deposits them back at the car park.

Sutton Bank is also home to a massive Iron Age Hill Fort erected around 400 BC which has been a recent subject of archeological investigation on behalf of English Heritage

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Tuesday, April 24, 2007

The Rill Garden at Wollerton Old Hall

The Rill Garden, Wollerton Old Hall
11.5" x 17", pencil and coloured pencils
copyright Katherine Tyrrell

I'm going to start "Travels with a the north of England" with the one garden and one post which relates to Shropshire. All the rest of my sketchbook on my recent journey up north was devoted to Yorkshire and it seems better to keep those posts together in sequence.

This sketch of the Rill Garden is a double page spread in my Daler Rowney black hardback A4 sketchbook - which means it's a big sketch. Getting the perspective right - including all those round box 'puddings' - was a bit of a challenge! The box hedging and mounds were interesting to do. The trick seemed to be to keep mixing greens across the range from dark blue green to light yellow green. I'm not sure I made such a good job of the pleached limes though!

Wollerton Old Hall Garden is a real find. For me it's the nearest equivalent to Sissinghurst that I've ever come across in the north of England - and my mother and I are veteran garden visitors. Lots of small garden rooms - each with its own very distinctive personality. You can take a virtual tour of the garden here.

The really interesting thing is that the garden is not that old and it's still developing and changing. It's also an RHS Partner Garden. This is the way the website summarises what the garden is about.
Wollerton Old Hall Garden is a four acre plantsman's garden developed around a 16th Century house (not open) in rural Shropshire, England. Strong formal design has created many separate gardens each with its own character. It features intensive cultivation of perennials using planting combinations with an emphasis on colour and form, as well as many rare and unusual plants.
The Wollerton Old Hall Garden website starts thus - and I repeat it here as the garden certainly lived up to its plaudits!

A formal garden with exuberantly planted borders set in the Shropshire countryside, in the heart of England.

"Artistry, vision and discipline combine here to make a garden of exceptional quality." - The Good Garden Guide

"This is truely a delightful garden to explore and learn from." - Noel Kingsbury, House & Garden

"This is a garden to be enjoyed - and to be plundered for inspiration"- Patrick Taylor, Daily Telegraph Gardeners' Guide
The food's good too! We had lunch and tea there and both were most enjoyable.

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Monday, April 23, 2007

Travels with a the north of England

The refectory windows at Fountains Abbey
pen and sepia ink and coloured pencils in daler Rowney A4 sketchbook

copyright Katherine Tyrrell

I'm interrupting the posts about Kent for a new section of sketches recently done on my trip to the north of England. Over the next week or so I'll be posting sketches of:[10th June 2007: Revised/Updated ] This summary post will be updated as blog posts are posted to this blog.

Sketches have been transferred from Making A Mark. These include:
Both of the above posts on this blog now include links to the places mentioned in the blog post.

[2nd November 2007: Revised/Updated] More sketches from the North of England:

A link to this summary post is inserted into the "Travels with my sketchbook in...." section in the right hand column (which groups together all summary posts).

Sunday, April 22, 2007

Through the fence

What do I do when I get home from sketching my way round the south western states of the USA? I sketch!

"He who must not be bored while I sketch" was in very chatty mode while we drove down to his favourite view at Emmetts Garden in Kent. I sketched the view to the rear of us while we sat on a bench looking at the Weald and idly speculating about which country has the best weather in the world. Well it was a walm and balmy summer's day in Kent - and we decided that Kent was really pretty good!

Isn't it weird that even with a sketch which features an "in your face" fence, barbed wire, a chain mesh fence and nettles that it still looks really peaceful!

This sketch is in my new small Moleskine which I'm going to try and use a bit more. That means that this image is only 7" x 5.5" across a double page spread. It was done 'en plein air' in pen and ink and then I used coloured pencils when I got home.

Just to clarify: Odd - as in "intermittent" - sketches will continue to be posted on this site. Only sketches associated with trips and travelling will go on my new new blog - and they have now started - first sketches were posted today!

[Originally posted in Making a Mark on 7th August 2007. What gets posted where has changed again. All sketches associated with travels outside my home now get posted on this blog with a narrative. The same main image with a much shorter narrative may also be posted on Making a Mark - unless previously posted there and/or the sketch is associated with a major trip.]

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Sketching bluebells at Emmetts Garden, Kent

Bluebells sketch
coloured pencils on Canson Mi Teintes paper in Charmian Edgerton sketchbook
copyright Katherine Tyrrell

Yesterday we made our annual trip to visit the bluebell slopes at Emmetts Garden in Kent. They weren't as far advanced as I had hoped - but they were on their way. "He who must not get bored while I sketch" brought his book (Roy Hattersley's "The Edwardians") and even took some photos of me sketching!

We sat, looking out at the slopes of bluebells, on a log seat that they've made out of the trunk of one of the trees which came down in the Great Storm of 1987 which caused a lot of very mature trees to be felled. You can see a picture of the devastating damage to the garden on this website - photos were taken from Bob Ogley's book "In the wake of the Hurricane". I've included a couple of photos of me sketching. One of me with short stubby coloured pencils gripped tightly in left hand and one of the view I was looking at.

The sketch had some little tweaks when I got home as I stopped when the "plein air" started to get very chilly plus I also forgot to pack my sharpener and couldn't find a couple of important colours! It was a cloudy day with sunny intervals - not the easiest light to work in as it means you have to plump for sunlight or shade from the outset and then carry the image of what's it like in your head as the weather delivers the other one. I went for sunlight but was increasingly working with cloud. This one is likely to be converted into a pastel so I was mainly focused on achieving a sense of the colours and how they might be pushed.

I produced my sketch using a variety of coloured pencils in my very old pastel Charmian Edgerton hardback sketchbook from L. Cornelissen and Son. It's filled with neutral shades of Canson Mi Teintes interleaved with glassine. I also forgot my bulldog clips and had a fine time trying to stop the glassine flapping around in the breeze! As my pencils become short and stubby they always get sent to the sketching pencil cases as it means I can then carry more colours around with me.

I have a funny feeling that having written the name Cornelissen I'm now going to have to go and pay them a visit - they must surely have one of the nicest art shops in the world! However, I do try to stay away as visits can get quite expensive! But please note they do worldwide mail order if you want to browse!

But before I do any more art shop visiting I'm off to repack my sketching kit to make sure I don't have things missing next time I'm out sketching.

[Originally posted in 'Making a Mark' on 30th April 2006. New links added with this post. The work developed from this trip is displayed below and in the gallery devoted to drawings of trees on my website. It's also discussed in Making a Mark - Bluebell beginnings.]

Bluebell Beginnings £195
coloured pencil on Arches Hot Press paper
image 8" x 12"; frame 17" x 19"

copyright Katherine Tyrrell
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Saturday, April 21, 2007

The kitchen garden at Chartwell, Churchill's former home

Chartwell Kitchen Garden
pencil and coloured pencil in Moleskine sketchbook

copyright Katherine Tyrrell
"A day away from Chartwell is a day wasted" (Winston Churchill)
Yesterday the sun shone - and we went to Chartwell in Kent, former home of Winston Churchill and now a National Trust property. I went armed with camera and sketchbook and my partner went with the intention of doing one of the things he enjoys doing best - sitting in the sunshine with a marvellous view of the Weald of Kent.

After a quick visit to the house (again - we go every year at least once, partner is a big history buff) and some negotiation as to which bench in the garden meant he got the best dose of sunshine on his face and gave me the best view(!), I settled down to sketch the kitchen garden from a terrace just above it. Churchill himself built the brick walls in the background of this kitchen garden. There's more information about the recent restoration of the kitchen garden here.

The sketch was completed using a mechanical pencil in a double page spread of my Moleskine sketchbook and I used coloured pencil on top to give a sense of the main colours. I think I'd like to have a go at doing a landscape painting from the terrace we sat on as the bit you can't see is the stunning view of the Weald of Kent which is just above the top margin of my sketchbook.

I've included some photos - the first is of the view I had (except the photo was taken standing up).

One of Churchill's recreations was oil painting. The next is a shot looking down to the studio where Churchill painted and the Weald beyond. The studio is the brick building to the left of centre. The kitchen garden wall is top right.

Finally, one taken from the studio area looking back up at the house. This last view is one which I'm doing in pastel for my partner. He's very patient, as it was started on a sunny day a long time ago and has stayed 'nearly' finished for simply ages! It's quite a busy traffic area and I didn't find it easy to paint from there so I'll probably try and finish using this photo as a reference. There's not a lot to do to it.

You can see more photos on the National Trust website.

[First posted 6th April 2006 on 'Making a Mark'. New links and quotation added with this post.]


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Wednesday, April 11, 2007

Travels with a Kent

Bluebell Beginnings
8" x 12", coloured pencil on Arches Hot Press paper
Antique White mat, American Oak Frame £195
copyright Katherine Tyrrell

The next section of this blog will feature sketchbook blog posts (from Making a Mark) which are about places in Kent. These all include sketches which are drawn in pencil or pen and ink and then completed using coloured pencils.

The summary list of posts relating to Kent - in the order they were published is as follows:
These posts will be posted after this summary and the hyperlink to each post will be added to this summary as each is published.

I'll also include a date at the end of each post of when it was first published on 'Making A Mark' but otherwise won't comment further.

In future, this summary will be:
  • included in the "trip summaries" section (near the top of the right hand column)
  • updated on a monthly basis if I've posted a sketch of Kent in the previous month.
The image at the top of this post is a drawing I completed based on the sketch I did and the photos taken during my visit to Emmetts Garden in Kent last April (see 'Sketching bluebells').

Tuesday, April 10, 2007

Knole House in Kent

Knole House, Sevenoaks, Kent
8" x 10", pen and sepia ink and coloured pencils in Moleskine sketchbook
copyright Katherine Tyrrell

On Easter Sunday we visited Knole House near Sevenoaks in Kent. We went for a stroll in the ancient parkland which is one of the few deer parks to survive over the last 500 years and the only one in Kent. Then we both sat on a fallen tree trunk in the parkland on the hill overlooking the house while "He who must not be bored while I sketch" read the Sunday Times and I sketched Knole House - in pen and ink finished with coloured pencil.

When I finished the sketch I decided that my failure to ever actually pay a visit to Knole House needed to be remedied and so I made a very quick acquaintance with the interior at the end of the day - a time I especially like for visits as it tends to be quiet.

Knole House is now a National Trust property. It's a sprawling ragstone property and has the most fascinating mix of historical, ecclesiastical, Royal, and literary associations. Believed to have been created in the thirteenth century and long associated with the hunting of deer, it was originally home to the Archbishops of Canterbury before it was 'given' to King Henry VIII and made a Royal Palace. Elizabeth I then presented it to Thomas Sackville, the first Earl of Dorset in 1566 and is has been home to the Sackville family ever since.
A curious legend attached to Knole House is that it had seven courtyards, representing the days of the week, fifty-two staircases - one for each week of the year - and 365 rooms, corresponding to the days in a year. (The Heritage Trail)
Knole was the childhood home of Vita Sackville West who restored Sissinghurst Castle and created the very famous garden there. Her close friend Virginia Woolfe writes about Knole in Orlando and a facsimile manuscript of Orlando in Woolfe's own handwriting - showing the development of the description of Knole in the book - is displayed in the Great Hall. The novel ends with Orlando taking possession of the house although Vita was denied ownership of Knole because the house was 'entailed' and passed through the male line.

The house is also full of paintings, including portraits by Joshua Reynolds and Elizabeth Vigee Le Brun and copies of the Raphael cartoons which are in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

For more information about the house try reading either the National Trust website about the history of Knole, this very informative New York Times article or Vita Sackville West's book "Knole and the Sackvilles'.

Knole Park is relatively unique amongst English country houses in that it was never 'landscaped' and consequently looks much as it did in the seventeenth century. It was however devastated in the Great Storm of 1987 - which felled 6 of the seven oaks in the town of Sevenoaks. The ancient parkland lost 70% of its trees which reputedly cost a £1m to replant across 1,000 acres in a way which had to be careful to reflect the lack of a 'designed look' for the overall parkland.

We finished up on Sunday by having half a cream tea each in the Brewhouse Tearoom. I reckon the scones had been out of the oven for about half an hour as they were still warm and moist. Excellent blackcurrent jam and cornish clotted cream was served as well - very definitely a place to go for a Cream Tea treat! I have been planning my book which rates National Trust properties by the quality of their cream teas for some years now........

The garden looks and sounds really interesting and I'm now planning to go back this summer and visit it on a Wedesday when it's open.

If you visit Knole, note that:
  • the house is closed on Mondays and Tuesdays
  • the garden is private to Lord Sackville and is only open on Wednesdays
  • the parkland is open daily for pedestrians only. Cars are only allowed in when the house is open.
  • details of how to get there are available here.
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Monday, April 09, 2007

Google fails to stop theft and abuse by spam blogs

Google's search engine lists spam blogs which steal copyright material from legitimate blogs and then generate income by hosting Google Ad-Sense adverts.

The content of my blogs - which is all copyrighted specifically to address this issue - is being repeatedly scraped (stolen) and used on spam blogs. The content of your blog might be suffering the same fate. I'm currently faced with an explosion in the amount of material being stolen. Read on to find out if you've got a problem like mine and what you can do about it.

What's a spam blog (splog)?
Spam blogs, sometimes referred to by the neologism splogs, are artificially created weblog sites which the author uses to promote affiliated websites or to increase the search engine rankings of associated sites. The purpose of a splog can be to increase the PageRank or backlink portfolio of affiliate websites, to artificially inflate paid ad impressions from visitors, and/or use the blog as a link outlet to get new sites indexed. Spam blogs are usually a type of scraper site, where content is often either Inauthentic Text or merely stolen from other websites. These blogs usually contain an high number of links to sites associated with the splog creator which are often disreputable or otherwise useless websites. (Wikipedia)
What sort of fraud or theft is it?
Content from my website/blogs is stolen (scraped) and reposted on a splog which hosts Google Ad-Sense adverts.
  • It's fraud because income generated for the host spam blog is generated by content devised by and stolen from other legitimate blogs (likes yours and mine).
  • It's fraud because all clicks on an advert on a spam blog are charged to the advertiser. The advertiser's name is also being linked to fraudulent activity.
  • it's theft because Google is involved in publishing stolen copyright material by continuing to index the website in its search engine after it has been notified about it.
How did I find out?
I have various phrases associated with my website/blogs set up on Google Alerts [] - not to be confused with which is nothing to do with Google. Guess who got stitched up on that domain name!

Every time the phrase is used in something indexed by Google I get an e-mail alert. The number of alerts I've had in the last 24 hours which are actually associated with spam blogs is getting quite ridiculous - hence this post.

I very much recommend that you also set up Google alerts for your blog's name and any similar 'phrases' to see if your content is also being scraped.

How did I report the theft and the abuse?

What I did was I found the website for reporting abuse of abuse of Google Ad-Sense, located the e-mail address and reported the abuse. The e-mail address is " ". (They call it a 'policy violation'. I call if theft.)

You should report:
  • the names/URLs/posts of websites/blog sites from which content is being scraped
  • if your content is copyright protected and whether there is a notice to this effect on site
  • your concern that income is being generated for thieves committing fraud through the use of Google Ad-Sense adverts on the offending site
You will get an automated response. This is it.
We've received your email alerting us to a potential policy violation on a site displaying Google ads. Although we're unable to respond to individual reports, we have forwarded your email to our team of specialists for further investigation.

We appreciate your help in maintaining the quality of the AdSense program.

The Google AdSense Team
Dissatisfied with this initial response to a statement of their involvement in a theft of copyrighted material, I wrote again and indicated I was about to start blogging about it and got this (automated?) response
Hello Katherine,

Thanks for writing in. I understand your concern about your content being re-posted on other sites. Upon investigation of the sites you've listed, it appears that the blogs in question have been since been suspended.

Please know that publishers participating in AdSense may not display Google ads on web pages with content protected by copyright law unless they have the necessary legal rights to display that content. Should you find that your content is being replicated on other sites, rest assured that we will take action as necessary to address the issue.

We appreciate your patience and understanding.


The Google AdSense Team
I've reported a number of further breaches in the last 12 hours and am back to the original automated response.

Why is it a problem?
The problem exists because Google has created opportunities for it the problem exist and is not doing enough to close down those who operate in this way. This is not a new problem. I did a little bit of investigation and found more than a few articles about it. Here are links to a couple.
Often, legitimate companies have their advertisements served on questionable sites through redirections designed to "obfuscate the connection between the advertisers and the spammers," the researchers wrote.........If those links are clicked, the doorway pages then redirect to other pages, potentially bringing revenue back to its controller via pay-per-click advertising offered by companies such as Google Inc. through its AdSense program.

A responsibility also lies with advertisers to assert greater control over where and how their ads are placed.

"Ultimately, it is advertisers' money that is funding the search spam industry, which is increasingly cluttering the Web with low-quality content and reducing Web users' productivity," they wrote.

How to get Google to do something?
So long as Google's search engine continues to index spam blogs and Google Ad-Sense continues to serve up adverts to spam blogs then:
  • blogs like mine - and yours - will continue to be scraped of content
  • copyright breaches will continue
  • income generated as a result will mean that content authors are being defrauded
  • people advertising using Google Ad-Sense will be defrauded.
I sat and pondered on why Google hasn't done anything. And decided that one of the reasons may be that advertisers are not aware of how bad the problem is. If advertisers started pulling their adverts and/or pressurising Google then maybe Google would get it sorted.

So I've decided to start listing all the advertisers appearing on the same page of the spam blogs hosting my stolen content. This at least would alert advertisers to where their adverts were being placed.

Some of the advertisers are small operations - some are individual artists - and some are major companies - including Microsoft! All are potentially being defrauded by the sites hosting my stolen copyrighted content. None appear to be exerting sufficient control over where their adverts appear and all need to check what sort of site their adverts are appearing on.
  1. - an artist's pen and ink artwork
  2. - an architectural illustrator
  3. - buying pencils
  4. - on the spot caricature
  5. - quality pens
  6. - nail art pen
  7. - free trials of Microsoft sharepoint 2007 software
  8. - anabolic steroids book
  9. - training
  10. - stock reports
  11. - Indian blankets
  12. - holidays
  13. - holidays
  14. - Holiday apartments
  15. - Gulf hurricane relief (charity?)
I wonder how long it will take for a representative from Google Ad-Sense will turn up to comment on this post to identify what they are doing to halt this sort of abuse. Or maybe they don't pay attention to what people are saying about them on the Internet?

If you are an artist paying for Ad-Sense to advertise your art - you might want to pause and think about the wisdom of your investment. Your adverts might be turning up on spam blogs and getting listed on blog posts like this.....................

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Sunday, April 08, 2007

Travels with a sketchbook in London: a summary

This is a summary of all the sketches on this blog which relate to London. I'll update it at the end of every month if I've posted sketches relating to London in that month. A link to this summary is included in the 'trip summary section' in the right hand column.

Recent sketches in London can see seen either in the list of posts relating to the current month in the archive or by clicking on the category 'London'.

[Amended August 2007] The sketches are grouped first according to the area of London and as stated in the description beneath each area (rather than the date they were first posted as I'm still transferring sketches to this blog from my main blog).

Central London

This section contains sketches of places in the City of London and central London and of areas along and immediately north and south of the River Thames east of Tate Britain and west of Tower Bridge - including Bankside in Southwark. The order below is east to west rather than date order. [Section summary added September 2007]
Pool of London / East London / Greenwich

This section follows the Thames upstream from the Olympic site around the Bow Back Rivers to Tower Bridge and the Pool of London.  It covers areas either side - Spitalfields, the East End, Isle of Dogs and Canary Wharf (the new financial centre) to the North and Rotherhithe to the south. Again the order is from East to West. [Section summary added September 2007]

This section is views of Greenwich or from Greenwich. Posts are not in date order.

West London and Kew Gardens

West London is defined as anything which comes with the area known as Greater London which is west of Tate Britain and Vauxhall Bridge. [Section summary added September 2007]
Reference Books - Book Reviews